Musician On The Net – Information and tips

Information and advice for passionate musicians

2 types of intervals

I have done very little piano of late. But I’d started to work on the grade 5 theory materials, using a book called “master your theory”. Much of the material I already know, but I haven’t utilised it for quite some years.
Today I was reminded there are 2 different ways of naming intervals. Aurally, and thereticalalusing theoryy might have more technical names, but I can’t remember those, so if anyone knows, feel free to comment.
Aurally naming intervals is fairly easy and logical for me. I just use the chromatic scale to help me. There is a pattern to them, and if you can remember the pattern, and becomes fairly easy to reconize intervals. As an example of the chromatic system I use, starting on C, a semitone or half-step above C is a minor second, a tone or whole step above C is a major second; one tone and one semi-tone above C is a minor third, 2 tones above C is a major third; then 2 tone and one semi-tone above C is a perfect fourth. The fourth, fifth and octave intervals are “perfect” intervals. The pattern is always minor, followed by major. Looking at a whole, the pattern is as follows: Minor second, major second, minor third, major third, perfect fourth, tritone, perfect fifth, minor sixth, major sixth, minor seventh, major seventh, perfect octave. Is you can reconize a perfect fifth by ear, you can usually work out the interval by singing above or below the notes to work it out. I have perfect pitch, so I don’t usually have too. But this is how I taught myself to reconize a minor sixth which gave me a lot of problems while studying for my grade 8 piano.
Now, if you aren’t bored with reading yet, to the theoretical naming of intervals. This all depends on the key it’s written in. For the sake of keeping it simple I will use C as the key. The perfect intervals remain the same; that is, perfect fourth, fifth and octave. DEPENDING on the notes used, will depend on how the interval is named. A C to E for example, is a major third, because in C, an E is a third above C. A C to D sharp though, is you heard it, it would be a minor third, because using the chromatic scale, the pattern is minor major, and counting up the chromatic scale, it would be a minor third. However, in this case, it is named as a augmented second. Because the distance between a C and a D is a second. However, the note used in this example is a D sharp. That’s one semi-tone or half step above a D. This makes for a larger, or augmented interval, in this case augmented second.

8 comments found

  1. “I was curious if you ever thought of changing the page layout of your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?”

  2. I simply couldn’t leave your website before suggesting that I actually enjoyed the standard information a person provide for your guests? Is going to be again steadily to check up on new posts.

  3. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

Leave comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked with *.